You are Looking at the Future - Called Graphene
Welcome. You are gazing upon a new substance, in it's infancy, called Graphene.
You might have heard the word Graphene before, but didn't really know what it was all about. Well, imagine future cell phones as thin and flexible as this. The iPad2 will look like a ganite slab compared to how thin devices with Graphene might be designed.
Before I explain graphene, and for you to understand the future we are headed into, we need to take a quick trip back in time to the last invention that changed our lives the way we know it. The transistor.
A little history: "In 1947, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain, working at Bell Telephone Laboratories, were trying to understand the nature of the electrons at the interface between a metal and a semiconductor. They realized that by making two point contacts very close to one another, they could make a three terminal device - the first "point contact" transistor. They quickly made a few of these transistors and connected them with some other components to make an audio amplifier. This audio amplifier was shown to chief executives at Bell Telephone Company, who were very impressed that it didn't need time to "warm up" (like the heaters in vacuum tube circuits). They immediately realized the power of this new technology.
This invention was the spark that ignited a huge research effort in solid state electronics. Bardeen and Brattain received the Nobel Prize in Physics, 1956, together with William Shockley," for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect." Shockley had developed a so-called junction transistor, which was built on thin slices of different types of semiconductor material pressed together. The junction transistor was easier to understand theoretically, and could be manufactured more reliably."Continued on the next page