Early Analysis of Brain Changes Can Help in Autism Detection
Researchers have worked on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of 92 infants in the age range of 6 months to 24 months and found certain brain changes. Researchers then used standard diagnostic tests at 2 years of age, the typical age for the diagnosis of autism. They have found through MRIs that 24 infants, who were ultimately identified with an Autism Spectrum Disorder, had slower brain connections when studied.
Researchers worked on the infants with siblings, who had Autism, as those infants were already considered at high risk of developing the autistic conditions.
Researchers have published their findings in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
Researchers have reported that early tracking of the brain changes can help in earlier Autism screening and can help in better developmental outcomes.
"Identifying infants at highest risk for ASDs before the full syndrome is manifest offers the possibility of implementing interventions that could reduce or even prevent the manifestation of the full syndrome improved developmental results."
This is the first study in which researchers have studied the brain changes in 6 months old infants. Previously, studies were done in 1 year old babies. This research has also firmly suggested that Autism has genetic and biological roots.
(Image Credit: PBS)