Waste Reduction Methods Can Adapt Climate Change Effects Scientifically
Waste accumulation is great problem in both urban and rural areas. The increased dependency of packaging food and drink items have been considered as the main culprit in the production of massive wastes in the nook and corners of the city and the villages. The proper scientific way of disposal is not practically carried out by the most organized urban communities itself. Then, the blame on villagers can be sometimes too harsh.
The recycling of waste products is the only and the most effective way of waste handling and minimisation. The products of organic waste can be reduced by burying it in the backyard vegetable small farms in the villages or it can be converted into compsot fertilisers. Another method of organic food waste reduction is to convert it into biogas. The producion of biogas in Indian villages, like in villages in the Kasaragod District in Kerala state, is an important step and the country benefited from such efforts. The villagers have started producing enough biogas and they could cook and light their lamps in the house using biogas. This has reduced the dependency on cooking gas from the retailers and also lead to income generation due to saving. More than 500 house holders in each village in different districts in Kerala have shown their faith in biogas production. The production of organic fertilisers from composting of food waste and other household wastes have increased the production of vegetables in the villages, which helped the farmers to stop the chemical fertilisers and reduced pollution from the washouts of the agricultural fields to the groundwater reservoirs.
While the production of biogas and organic fertilisers not only bring extra income, it keeps the environment clean and also minimise the effects of climate change by cleaner green energy production and creation of pollution free atmosphere and there by reducing the output of greenhouse gases. The reuse of waste supports the best methods of climate change adaptation principles which are highly scientific and natural which keeps the Earth out of increased rate of warming. Hence, this method of clean energy production at household levels should be praticed worldwide to keep the depleting energy resources preserved and thereby reduce the input of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. These mthods are the best practices for the adaptation of climate change effects.