Silence and Prayers as Japan Remembers Deadly Earthquake and Tsunami
This Sunday marks the first anniversary of the massive earthquake followed by tsunami and later nuclear crisis that hit Japan.
People all around Japan gathered to pray for the victims affected by this tragedy. Also people carried out anti-nuclear processions to oppose the Nuclear energy programs.
The earthquake of 9.0 magnitude hit Japan at 14:46 local time. Tsunami warnings were issued by the authorities within minutes of the earthquake. The epicenter of this earthquake was 24 kilometers beneath the Pacific ocean. This massive 9.0 scale earthquake result into Tsunami waves higher than 15 meters. This waves caused severe damage in cities of Kamaishi, Miyako, Ōtsuchi, Yamada, Shichigahama, Higashimatsushima and various other cities.
About 15,800 people lost their lives while 6000 people were injured in this tragedy. About 3500 people were reported missing. Even one year after this tragedy 325,000 people still homeless and still have to be dependent on temporary housing.
The tsunami caused a number of nuclear accidents, primarily the meltdowns at three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant complex, and the associated evacuation zones affecting hundreds of thousands of residents. Many electrical generators were taken down, and at least three nuclear reactors suffered explosions due to hydrogen gas that had built up within their outer containment buildings after cooling system failure. Residents within a 20 km radius of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and a 10 km radius of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant were evacuated.
The earthquake resulted in 129,107 buildings totally collapsed, with a further 254,139 buildings 'half collapsed', and another 365,750 buildings partially damaged. The earthquake and tsunami caused extensive and severe structural damage in Japan, including heavy damage to roads and railways as well as fires in many areas. Around 4.4 million households in northeastern Japan were left without electricity and 1.5 million without water.
The total damage caused by the disaster has been estimated at about $300 billion so far.